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NFPA Addresses Active Shooter/Hostile Event Preparedness and Response

by Mark Calvo, Director of Technology

A team of experts at the NFPA has developed NFPA 3000, Standard for Preparedness and Response to Active Shooter and/or Hostile Events. The NFPA 3000 standard is developed by a 46-member technical committee, which features representatives from law enforcement, fire, EMS, federal agencies, healthcare professionals, universities, and private security.

The purpose of NFPA 3000 is to identify the minimum program elements necessary for organizing, managing, and sustaining an active shooter and/or hostile event response program and to reduce or eliminate the risks, effects, and impact on an organization or community affected by these events.

Security Vestibule : Bridgeland High School – Cypress, Texas (Architect: Texas-IBI Group)

As we all are all aware, far too many incidents in recent years are prompting the need for a new active shooter standard. Among the list of attacks are Las Vegas; Orlando; London; Paris; San Bernardino; Boston; Sandy Hook; Fort Hood; Virginia Tech; Charleston; Washington, D.C.; Illinois, Florida and most recently, close to home Santa Fe, Texas.

“These tragedies highlight a need for first responders, emergency personnel, facility managers, hospital officials, and community members to have information when terror attacks occur,” said Jim  Pauley NFPA President

NFPA 3000 will give authorities a resource to reference in the event of a terror or active shooter incident and addresses:

  • Risk assessment
  • Planning
  • Resource management
  • Organizational deployment
  • Incident management
  • Facility readiness
  • Finance
  • Communications
  • Competencies for law enforcement
  • Competencies for fire and EMS
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Training
  • Community education
  • Information sharing
  • Readiness of receiving hospitals
  • Recovery

NFPA 3000—Standard for Preparedness and Response to Active Shooter and/or Hostile Events Scope

This standard provides the minimum criteria for the level of competence required for responders organizing, managing, and sustaining an active shooter and/or hostile event preparedness and response program based on the authority having jurisdiction’s (AHJ) function and assessed level of risk.

A review of the laws, regulations, consensus standards, and guidance documents in addition to guidance for risk assessment, training materials, active shooter response planning, resource management, staffing, training, financial management, program influences, medical treatment modalities, resiliency, recovery, and developing relationships are covered in this standard.

This standard applies to any community, AHJ, facility, and member of any organization who responds to or prepares for active shooter and/or hostile events.

D. Zac Morton